Data regarding highway worker fatalities at road construction sites are available from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), US Department of Labor.1 BLS defines a “road construction site” as a location of construction, maintenance, and utility work on a road, street, or highway.2 CFOI data are collected from each state, the District of Columbia, New York City, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam. These data are extracted from fatality and injury reports provided to BLS and are only as accurate as the data included in those reports. It is possible that some fatalities and injuries occurring at road constructions sites were not recorded as such, and so would not be included in these statistics.
Between 2011 and 2019, fatal worker injuries at road construction sites from all causes have trended slightly upwards, ranging between 105 and 143 worker fatalities per year (see Figure 1). However, during the same time period, the percent of all fatal worker injuries that have occurred at road construction sites has remained fairly consistent at between 2.3 and 2.9 percent of all fatal worker injuries occurring each year. As noted above, these figures do not include workers who may have been fatally injured on or near the roadway but were not coded in the database as occurring at a road construction site as defined above.
Source of data: CFOI
Figure 1. Fatal Worker Injuries at Road Construction Sites and Percent of All Fatal Worker Injuries That Occur at Those Sites.
BLS also produces estimates of nonfatal worker injuries each year through its Survey of Occupational Illnesses and Injuries (SOII). The SOII samples data from the states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam. Between 2011 and 2019, nonfatal worker injuries at road construction sites has ranged between 860 and 1840 cases per year (see Figure 2). Considerable year-to-year variability is evident in the estimates. Nonfatal worker injuries at road construction sites represent a very small proportion of all nonfatal worker injuries that occur each year nationally, comprising only 0.08 to 0.17 percent of all cases.
Source of data: SOII
Figure 2. Estimated nonfatal Worker Injuries at Road Construction Sites and Percent of All Estimated Nonfatal Worker Injuries That Occur at Those Sites.
Other Fatal Worker Injury at Road Construction Sites Statistics
- Types of Events Resulting in Highway Worker Fatalities at Road Construction Sites
- Transportation Incidents Causing Highway Worker Fatalities at Road Construction Sites
1. Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. Bureau of Labor Statistics, US Department of Labor, Washington, DC. Accessible at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfoi1.htm#2018.