The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is gaining traction in the construction industry. UAVs are used to address productivity, inspection and safety matters. This paper presents a conceptual framework that would help to deploy UAVs on construction sites for safety inspection purposes. The paper was compiled from the data obtained in the literature. The keywords unmanned aerial vehicles and safety in construction were used to search the relevant database. The findings reveal that the use of UAVs would help the construction professionals improve safety on construction sites through the capturing of visual images and video clips on the site project from a bird’s eye view. The collected data (images or video clips) could be analyzed to identify risks and hazards that might cause accidents on construction sites. There is major scope for using UAVs to improve construction safety when appropriate guidelines are implemented.