A spot pavement replacement and joint sealing project on I-75 in southern Kentucky during the 1986 construction season involved numerous lane closures. Traffic congestion caused by heavy volumes and late merges resulted in the use of the following traffic control devices to supplement standard lane closure devices: variable message signs, supplemental lane closure warning signs, and rumble strips placed in the lane to be closed in advance of the taper. Because the devices were not typical applications for work zones and because of the potential for applications at other sites, an evaluation study was conducted. Results showed a decrease in the percentage of traffic in the lane to be closed with each successive traffic control device in addition to the standard lane closure devices. There was a general decrease in speeds as traffic approached the taper. The percentage of trucks in the lane to be closed was lower than the percentage in the open lane when the closure was a left lane. Hourly traffic volumes observed in this study (800 to 1,300 vph) did not appear to influence the percentage of traffic in the lane to be closed. The percentage of trucks in both lanes (8.5 to 14.7 percent) did not influence the percentage of traffic in the lane to be closed either. Recommendations from the study included the following: (a) supplemental signs for all long-term closures on high-volume, high-speed four-lane roadways, (b) variable message signs when one-way hourly volumes exceed 1,000 (ADT exceeds 20,000), and (c) application of rumble strips if other devices do not reduce late merges and there is excessive congestion.
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
Publication Date: 1988
Full Text URL: Link to URL
Publication Types: Books, Reports, Papers, and Research Articles
Topics: Changeable Message Signs; Intelligent Transportation Systems; Lane Closure; Rumble Strips; Temporary Traffic Control; Traffic Congestion; Traffic Control Devices