In the past decade, road construction work in the state of Chhattisgarh has increased at an enormous rate in order to achieve the targets of PMKVY Scheme of Indian government. With the increase in construction work, many hazards and hazardous activities are overlooked and untrained, unskilled workers are undertaken to finish the construction as early as possible. As the construction work zones are amongst the most hazardous work sites in the industry, the workers continuously face the threat of having a fatal accident or injury. Apart from the workers, daily commuters are also impacted by the work zone affecting their safety. These problems represent major challenges to construction planners as they are required to plan vehicle routes around construction zones in such a way that maximizes the safety of construction workers and reduces the impact on daily commuters. The work performed in this research aims at identifying and evaluation the hazard during and after the construction of road in the rural region of Chhattisgarh State in order to determine the hazards having higher risk. By determining the high risk hazards, control measures specific to the hazards can be determined and implemented in the work zone for optimizing the construction work safely. The methodology adopted in the research includes risk assessment and AHP analysis of identified hazards in construction zone. The results obtained from performing the analysis is used to draft hazard specific control measures and recommendation.