Work zone safety is influenced by many risk factors. Consequently, a comprehensive knowledge of the risk factors identified from crash data analysis becomes critical in reducing risk levels and preventing severe crashes in work zones. This study focuses on the 2016 severe crashes that occurred in the State of Michigan (USA) in work zones along highway I-94. The study identified the risk factors from a wide range of crash variables characterizing environmental, driver, crash and road-related variables. The impact of these risk factors on crash severity was investigated using frequency analyses, logistic regression statistics, and a machine learning Random Forest (RF) algorithm. It is anticipated that the findings of this study will help traffic engineers and departments of transportation in developing work zone countermeasures to improve safety and reduce the crash risk. It was found that some of these factors could be overlooked when designing and devising work zone traffic control plans. Results indicate, for example, the need for appropriate traffic control mechanisms such as harmonizing the speed of vehicles before approaching work zones, the need to provide illumination at specific locations of the work zone, and the need to establish frequent public education programs, flyers, and ads targeting high-risk driver groups. Moreover, the Random Forest algorithm was found to be efficient, promising, and recommended in crash data analysis, specifically, when the data sample size is small.
Publisher: Cornell University
Publication Date: 2021
Full Text URL: Link to URL
Source URL: Link to URL
Publication Types: Books, Reports, Papers, and Research Articles
Topics: Crash Analysis; Crashes; Machine Learning; Risk Analysis; Work Zone Safety; Work Zones