The maintenance and construction activities of the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) have been thoroughly studied, and a summary of such activities are tabulated and presented in this report. In addition, a brief overview of the Telerobotics concept is presented. The possibilities of applying Telerobotics to highway maintenance and construction tasks have been explored. In particular cases, proper recommendations are made. Finally, as a part of this study, a new class of robot manipulators, termed the “Dual-Arm Cam-Lock Manipulator”, were designed on a mobile platform for possible applications in bridge inspection and maintenance.