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Flagger Training and Certification Requirements by State

The table below provides information on flagger training and certification requirements by state. The information was collected through email surveys to state work zone experts and review of state standard publications.  The list is for reference only and is updated periodically.  There is no quarantee for accuracy of the information provided here.  If in doubt, check with your state department of transportation.


State Practice/Policy

From Alabama Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Highway Construction:
The pilot car, flaggers, and all flagging equipment shall meet the requirements of the MUTCD. The pilot car shall be a registered motor vehicle designed for use upon a highway. 'Off-road' type vehicles will not be allowed."


From Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities Standard Specifications for Highway Construction:
"Flaggers must be certified by one of the following:
a. Flagging Level I Certification by IMSA, or
b. Flagger Certification by ATSSA.
Flagger training and certification must be renewed at least every 4 years.
Acceptable substitutions for items a. and b. are certified ATSSA Worksite Traffic Supervisors, IMSA Work Zone Traffic Safety Specialists, IMSA Signs and Markings Specialists, and ATSSA Flagging Instructors.
Renew flagger training and certification no less frequently than every 4 years. Flaggers must be able to show their flagger certification anytime they are on a project."


From Arizona Revised Statute 28-653:
"A. Any individual who is stationed in a state highway work zone to provide temporary traffic control shall have completed training and be certified by a program that meets the training and certification standards of the national safety council highway flagger training program, the American traffic safety services association flagger program or an equivalent program that meets the same objectives. An equivalent program must meet the United States department of transportation federal highway administration standards for the control of traffic through highway work zones as defined in the manual on uniform traffic control devices for streets and highways.
B. Flaggers shall repeat training and certification requirements at least once every four years.
C. This section does not apply to law enforcement personnel who are employed by governmental entities."

For information regarding on-the-job training, visit the web site below.

Arkansas From Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department Safety Manual:
"Flagger Training
All flaggers must be trained prior to starting work in the field. Items to be included in the training program include:
1. Attire
2. Proper devices and use of devices and gestures
3. Positioning
4. Stopping distances as related to surface and environmental conditions
5. Public relations aspects of the job"

California requires flaggers to be trained, but they do not require them to be certified.
Flaggers must be trained in the principles that are spelled out in the California Code of Regulations - Construction Safety Orders (see the web site below).

For more information, see California MUTCD 2012 Edition, Section 6E.01 Qualifications for Flaggers.


From Colorado DOT (CDOT) Construction Manual:

"630.2.6 Flagger Certification

All flaggers on CDOT projects must possess a Flagger’s Certification Card in accordance with subsection 630.14 of the Standard Specifications. Subsection 630.14 requires that all flaggers on CDOT projects be properly certified, having successfully passed the Department’s minimum training requirements within two years of starting work on the project. The Department’s minimum training requirements are defined in CDOT Procedural Directive 306.1 – Flagger Training and Certification Program. Note that CDOT does not certify non-CDOT employees for flagging duties. The certification requirements include reviewing the latest edition of the CDOT Flagger’s Training Manual, viewing a flagger training video, and obtaining a passing score of at least 80 percent on a Flagger Proficiency Test, which must be administered by a Registered Flagger Proctoring Agency."

Check out CDOT's Flagger Program for more information about flagger certification.


The Connecticut Department of Transportation requires all uniformed flaggers to be trained and certified by one of the department’s

approved programs. A training course for Connecticut law enforcement personnel has been adapted from the FHWA Work Zone Training Law Enforcement Course, Publication FHWA-SA-06-04, and recommended by the Connecticut Highway Work Zone Safety Advisory Council established in 2008. Connecticut General Statutes Section 14-212f states that “The Highway Work Zone Safety Advisory Council established by section 14-212e shall develop a program curriculum and shall make available and recommend such curriculum to the Division of State Police, the Police Officer Standards and Training Council and each municipal police department.” The training is not mandatory but law enforcement agencies and academies are “encouraged to provide in each basic or review police training program conducted or administered by said division or council or by such department, training on highway work zone safety that includes, but is not limited to, the following: (1) Enforcement of statutory provisions concerning endangerment of a highway worker, as defined in section 14-212d; (2) techniques for handling incidents of unsafe driving in a highway work zone; (3) risks associated with unsafe driving in a highway work zone; (4) safe traffic control practices set forth in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways published by the Federal Highway Administration under 23 CFR 655, Subpart F, as amended, such as the wearing of high-visibility safety apparel and the proper locating and positioning of law enforcement officers working in a highway work zone; and (5) general guidelines, standards and applications set forth in said manual, including, but not limited to, training on the proper use of traffic control devices and signs, and annual refresher training on such guidelines, standards and applications.”


From 2011 Delaware Department of Transportation (DelDOT) Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), Chapter 6E - Flagger Control:
"All flaggers working on state-maintained roadways, except for emergency personnel and law enforcement officers, shall be certified by a DelDOT-recognized flagger certification program. All flaggers, except for emergency personnel and law enforcement officers, shall be required to carry a flagger certification card and photo identification on their person at all times."

The American Traffic Safety Services Association (ATSSA) flagger certification training programs are the approved programs. The flagger certification trainers must be approved by the DelDOT Safety Section. All certified flaggers must appear in the ATSSA database for certified flaggers.

District of Columbia

From District of Columbia Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Highway and Structures:
"Flaggers - When specified in the Contract Documents or when directed by the Engineer, the Contractor shall provide all necessary flaggers required to properly maintain traffic through the work zone. Flaggers shall have completed flagger training and shall be certified by ATSSA or another agency approved by the District and shall meet the requirements of Chapter 6E of the MUTCD."


From Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction:
"105-8.4 Flagger: Provide trained flaggers to direct traffic where one-way operation in a single lane is in effect and in other situations as required. The Worksite Traffic Supervisor or others as approved by the Department will provide training for flaggers."

From FDOT procedural document - Maintenance of Traffic Training:
"6.7.1 Basic Training - The minimum basic training areas to be covered shall be Part 6 of the MUTCD Section 6E (Flagger Control), and Design Standards Index 600 (Flagging Operations and Night Time Flagging) and (General Information for Traffic Control through Work Zones). The field demonstration shall be a dexterity test using hand-signaling devices (STOP/SLOW paddle and flag) during flagging type operations and placement of traffic control devices. In order to successfully complete Basic Training, the instructor shall determine that the flagger has demonstrated knowledge and proficiency in flagging operations. A person who has successfully completed the Restricted Activities, Restricted Activities Refresher, Intermediate, Intermediate Refresher, Advanced, or Advanced Refresher Course and holds a current valid and verifiable wallet card may provide training for flaggers.

The instructor may use training videos, handouts, computer based training, or other methods to ensure that the flagger has demonstrated knowledge and proficiency in flagging operations. No formal submittal of this course to the MOTC for review is required. No time requirement is set for the training, but the instructor will be required to keep a record of persons they have successfully trained and the date they were trained."


From Georgia Department of Transportation website:
"All flaggers doing any flagging on the State Highway System must have received training and a certificate upon completion of the training from a Department approved training program. This includes all Utility and Permit location operations."

"Flagger training and certification can be obtained through training organizations that provide certified ATSSA or NSC programs, or from ATSSA or NSC themselves."


Flagger training and certification/re-certification is required for any individual performing the duties of a flagger on any highway of Idaho.

Idaho's Traffic Control Oversight Committee (TCOC) has approved the use of the ATSSA and Evergreen Safety Council flagger courses. They have also agreed to accept courses approved by the following Departments of Transportation through a formal, signed, reciprocal agreement. As long as the requirements of the agreement are met, the states of Washington, Oregon, Montana, and Idaho will allow a flagger certified in those states to flag on their highways.

For a course to be approved for use in Idaho, the TCOC must evaluate and approve the materials submitted by the course author. It must meet the requirements set forth in the MUTCD, the signed reciprocal agreement, the Idaho Transportation Department Traffic Manual, and Chapter 13 of the Idaho Transportation Department Employee Safety and Risk Management manual. Instructors are required to be trained and certified by an organization recognized and approved by ITD or one of the reciprocal states.


From Illinois Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction:
"701.13 Flaggers. All flaggers shall be certified by an agency approved by the Department. While on the job site, each flagger shall have in his/her possession a current driver’s license and a current flagger certification I.D. meeting Department requirements. For non-drivers, the Illinois Identification Card issued by the Secretary of State will meet the requirement for a current driver’s license. This flagger certification requirement may be waived by the Engineer for emergency situations that arise due to actions beyond the Contractor's control where flagging is needed to maintain safe traffic control on a temporary basis."

Certification from the American Traffic Safety Services Association (ATSSA), the National Safety Council (NSC), and the Illinois Laborers' & Contractors' Joint Apprenticeship Program are accepted.  For more information, check out the website below.


From Indiana Department of Transportation 2016 Standard Specifications:
"Flagging operations shall be conducted under the supervision of either the designated CWTS or a flagger certified by ATSSA or approved equal certifying organization. The person supervising the flagging operation shall ensure that the flaggers are trained in proper flagging procedures and that the flagging operation is in compliance with the applicable sections of the MUTCD."


From Iowa Department of Transportation Standard Specifications:
1. Prior to flagging operations, ensure the flaggers are trained in safe flagging operations that comply with Iowa DOT Flagger’s Handbook, Part 6 of the MUTCD, and the Standard Specifications. Ensure training of flaggers includes the following:
a. Issuing and reviewing the current Iowa DOT Flagger’s Handbook,
b. Presentation of the current Iowa Professional Flagging Video*,
c. Issuing flagger training cards including the information below. Ensure the flaggers carry their flagger training card at all times and show it upon request.
1) Employee name,
2) Date of training,
3) Name of Instructor, and
4) Expiration date of December 31 of the year following the training date.

2. Maintain a list of the flaggers trained and the date of the training.

3. Training is not required for short time, emergency, or relief assignment of employees to flagging operations."

* The video is only available through Iowa DOT warehouse and is not online.


From Kansas Department of Transportation Special Provision to the Standard Specifications:
"Provide courteous, competent flaggers, able to communicate with the traveling public, to direct traffic in a one-way traffic operation. Flaggers must be trained once every 3 years on the flagger procedures outlined in Part VI of the MUTCD and on the flagger procedures outlined in the KDOT Flagger Handbook, latest version. Trained flaggers are expected to behave in accordance with the previously stated flagger procedures regardless of the source of the training. Once trained, flaggers shall carry certification cards showing the flagger’s name and date of training."

Kentucky From Employee Safety & Health Manual:
"Before KYTC employees are allowed to engage in flagging procedures, they must successfully pass KYTC course TCS-26201, 'Traffic Control/Flagger Certification' (provided by KYTC employee safety personnel) and receive a valid KYTC Flagger Certification card."
For information about the flagger certification program, check out Work Zone Traffic Control Employee Qualification Program or visit the web site below.

From La DOTD Standard Plans and Special Details: Temporary Traffic Control:TTC-00 (B):
• All flaggers shall be qualified.
• The contract shall be responsible for training or assuring that all flaggers are qualified to perform flagging duties.
• A Qualified Flagger is one that has completed courses such as those offered by ATSSA, AGC, or other courses approved by the LADOTD Work Zone Task Force. The contractor shall be responsible for getting the flagger course approved."


From Maine Department of Transportation Flagging and Traffic Control in Maine web site:
"• Any flagger working for MaineDOT, or on an MaineDOT project, must be tested by their employer’s flagger certifier and must carry their agency’s certification card at all times.
• A flagger certifier can revoke any flagger card due to poor or substandard performance.
• Any flagger working on a non-MaineDOT project is not required to be certified, unless specifically required by the agency."

For more information, check out the website below.


From Maryland State Highway Administration (SHA) Frequently Asked Work Zone Questions web site:
"A flagger receives a flagger card on the successful completion of the SHA‐ or ATSSA‐provided flagger’s course. A flagger must successfully complete the SHA‐ or ATSSA‐provided flagger’s course in order to be deployed in Maryland work zones. Exceptions for approved flaggers can be made during emergency situations, where a non‐approved flagger may be deployed for up to 15 minutes."

From Maryland SHA Standard Specifications for Construction and Materials:
"Flaggers shall have completed an Administration approved flagger training course within the last four years. The failure of any flagger to perform the required duties will be grounds for replacement."

Information about flagger training programs are available on the web site below.


From Massachusetts Highway Department Road Flagger Specification:
"Flaggers used during the performance of the Work shall possess a current certificate of satisfactory completion from a Department-approved flagger training program within the previous two years. Prior to the start of work, the Contractor shall provide to the Engineer a written list of certified flaggers to be used, including the most recent date of certification or re-certification for each person listed. All flaggers shall carry their approved flagging training program certification card with them while performing flagging duties. Flagger certifications shall remain valid for the duration of the project or the flagger shall be removed from the project."

Road Flagger Certification Programs Approved By MassDOT is available on the website below.


To be a certified traffic regulator in Michigan, you are required to read the Traffic Regulators Instruction Manual within one year prior to being on the roadway.  You must also watch the training video.  It is recommended that you review the additional resources on the website below as there are equipment and other requirements that must be followed.


If flaggers will be working on a MnDOT construction project and the special provisions in the contract has a requirement for flaggers to be trained by a MnDOT Flagger Trainer, MnDOT course must be used.  If the project is on a city, county, or township road, the road authority will govern on the training the flagger is required to have.

From Minnesota Department of Transportation Special Provisions - SP2014 Book:
(A) Any person acting as a flagger on this Project shall have attended a training session taught by a Contractor’s qualified trainer. The Contractor’s qualified trainer shall have completed a 'MnDOT Flagger Train the Trainer Session' in the five years before the start date of this Contract and shall be on file as a qualified flagger trainer with the Department. The Flagger Trainer’s name and Qualification Number shall be furnished by the Contractor at the pre-construction meeting. The Contractor shall provide all flaggers with the MnDOT Flagger Handbook and shall observe the rules and regulations contained therein. This handbook shall be in the possession of all flaggers while flagging on the Project. The Contractor shall obtain handbooks from the Department. Flaggers shall not be assigned other duties while working as authorized flaggers. The 'Checklist for Flagger training' form shall be furnished to the Engineer any time a new flagger reports to work on the Project. The 'Checklist for Flagger Training' form is found at:

The Engineer will have the right to waive the above requirements."

For additional information, check out the website below.


From Mississippi Department of Transportation (MDOT) Survey Manual:
"Flaggers shall be trained in flagging procedures and use the proper equipment and warning garments outlined in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices. A copy of this manual should be made available to each survey party.

Flaggers shall have attended and been certified in an MDOT approved flagger certification training course."

"1. Each District will have a minimum of two National Safety Council certified flagger instructors who will be responsible for teaching and coordinating the class and scheduling the training sessions.
2. The District will be required to schedule as many training sessions as necessary to complete the flagging training on an annual basis. Training to be in accordance with National Highway Safety Council’s Flagging Course and MDOT’s procedures using the current MUTCD and S.O.P. for required flagging equipment.
3. The District will make arrangements for the training sessions to be provided to new employees at least once per month and then on an annual basis thereafter.
4. To assure that all employees receive the Flagger Training on an annual basis, records will be maintained by the District Office.
5. Only personnel with a current and valid flagging certificate may perform flagging duties for MDOT. (i.e. no prisoners, contractors, etc.)"

Copy of the flagging certificate used in MDOT District 2.

Missouri From Missouri Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Highway Construction:
"616.4.3 Each flagger, automated flagger assistance devices (AFAD) operator, portable flagger device (PDF) operator and pilot vehicle operator shall maintain a valid flagger certification card that certifies the individual has been trained in the principles of flagging in accordance with the MUTCD. Certifications will not be required in emergency situations that arise due to actions beyond the contractor’s control when flagging is necessary to maintain safe traffic control on a temporary basis."

From Montana Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction, 2006 Edition:
"618.03.14 Flagging Operations
Provide flaggers that are currently certified by the Montana flagger training program, the ATSSA flagger program, or Idaho, Oregon, or Washington state flagger training programs.
Provide flaggers that are competent and equipped as required in the Department's booklet 'Flaggers Handbook' furnished by the Department."

From Supplemental Specifications to Montana Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction, 2006 Edition:
"Flaggers are required to carry proof of flagger certification and present to the Project Manager when requested."

Nebraska From Nebraska Department of Roads Standard Specifications for Highway Construction:
a. (1) It shall be the responsibility of the Contractor to furnish flagger(s) to direct traffic when construction activity occurs on or adjacent to a surface being used by the traveling public.
(2) Except when necessitated by an emergency situation or for situations not reasonably expected to last for more than 15 minutes, flagging shall not be performed by other than certified flaggers. Flaggers must always carry a valid Flagger Certification Card. Flagger Certification Cards shall be valid for a period of 2 years from date of issue.
... ...
c. (1) The Contractor shall be responsible for the training and certification of the flaggers employed on the project. Certification shall be according to the standards established herein and the 'Guidelines for Flagger Training and Certification of Flaggers' available from the Department. Certification cards issued according to these rules by other Contractors, provided they have not expired, shall be considered valid.
(2) Flaggers shall be familiar with the contents of the Department's 'Flagger's Handbook' and shall carry a copy of such publication on their person while performing the flagger duties. This publication is available from the Engineer.
d. In order to be certified, the prospective flagger must:
(1) Be in good health with normal abilities of hearing and sight.
(2) Be able to read and speak English.
(3) View the 45-minute video 'The Flagger.'
(4) Correctly answer 80 percent of the questions on an examination that accompanies the video.
e. Upon satisfactory completion of the training and examination procedure, the prospective flagger shall be issued a Flagger Certification Card by the examining Contractor. The flagger's name, social security number, and test score shall be reported to the Construction Engineer on DR Form 90, 'Flagger Certification Report'.
f. The video, examination forms, Flagger Certification Cards, Flagger Certification Reports, and 'Guidelines for Flagger Training and Certification of Flaggers' shall be furnished by the Department."


From Nevada Department of Transportation (NDOT) Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction:

"Flaggers shall have completed an approved instructonal course in flagger procedures.  Prospective flaggers shall possess a valid flagger card attesting that they have satisfactorily completed said instructional course conducted by the Department or some other course approved by the Department."

From NDOT Construction Manual:

"Flaggers must have certifications in their possession. Flagger qualification is obtained through the following approved instructional courses: NDOT in-house flagger training, University of Nevada, RenoT2 program, American Traffic Signing and Safety Association (ATSSA), and National Safety Council."

New Hampshire

From New Hampshire Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction:
All flagging personnel shall be trained by a designated trainer at least every four years. The course shall cover the topics outlined under 3.2.1. Each flagger shall receive from the designated trainer, a card or certificate that provides the date of training and the designated trainer‟s name. Upon request by the Contract Administrator, Contractors and Subcontractors shall provide verification of training within 48 hours. Any flagger who is trained by a designated trainer and changes employeer, must be retrained by the new employer. Flaggers may elect to take a designated trainer course to meet the training requirements in this section, which would not expire with a change of employers."

New Jersey

From New Jersey Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction:
"159.03.08 Traffic Direction
Flagger. Provide a flagger that has received formal training in flagging operations and the proper use of the STOP/SLOW paddle. The flagger must meet MUTCD qualifications and, when requested, demonstrate competency to the RE. Immediately replace flaggers who fail to demonstrate competency with a competent flagger."

New Mexico

From New Mexico State Highway and Transportation Department Standard Specifications for Highway and Bridge Construction:

"618.2.1 Certification
... ...
Before commencing work that requires flagger traffic control, submit a copy of the 'Flagger Training' certificate (wallet sized card) issued by ATSSA (American Traffic Safety Services Association), ACNM (Associated Contractors of New Mexico), FHWA (Federal Highway Administration), or an agency or firm approved by the Department.

618.2.1.1 Re-certification
... ...
Flaggers must obtain refresher training which meets the requirements of ATSSA, ACNM, FHWA, or agency or firm approved by the Department prior to the fourth anniversary date shown on the current certificate."

New York

From New York State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications:
"Flagger Training. All flaggers shall be adequately trained in flagging operations by
recognized training programs, including the American Traffic Safety Services Association, the National Safety Council, unions, or construction industry associations, or by an individual who holds a current certification as a flagger training instructor from such a program. Prior to the start of flagging operations, the Contractor shall provide to the Engineer a list of certified flaggers to be used in the operation, identifying the source of flagger training for each individual. When requested by the Engineer, flaggers shall demonstrate their competency in flagging procedures. Flaggers not competent in flagging procedures shall be retrained or replaced at once."

North Carolina

From North Carolina Department of Transportation Implementation of the NCDOT Work Zone Qualification & Training Program:
"All personnel performing flagging, spotting, or operating Automated Flagger Assist Devices (AFAD) inside the highway right of way will be trained in a NCDOT approved Flagger Course."

A list of approved training providers may be obtained from the website below.

North Dakota

From North Dakota Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction:
"Each flagger shall be furnished with the booklet, Flagging Handbook, and shall observe the rules and regulations contained therein. The Contractor shall obtain copies of the Flagging Handbook from the Department.
... ...
The Contractor is responsible for providing trained flaggers. All flaggers must view a flagging video training tape and pass a flagging written examination before performing flagging on the project. The Contractor will acknowledge in writing, before any flagging work begins on the project, that all flaggers will have viewed a flagging video tape and passed a written examination before performing flagging on the project."

Ohio Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) does not requires flagger training but does provide flagger training to their people. ODOT has developed its own flagger training class.
Oklahoma From Oklahoma Department of Transportation Standard Specifications:
"The Contractor shall provide, erect, and maintain barricades, warning signs, delineators, striping, flaggers, and pilot cars in accordance with the traffic control plan, the MUTCD, and Section 880, 'Construction Signing and Traffic Control.'"

From Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) Standard Specifications:
"Use flaggers, TCS, signal operators, and pilot car operators that meet the following requirements:
... ...
• Have completed an approved work zone traffic control flagging course within the past three years and have in their possession a current, official state Flagger Certification card from either Oregon, Washington, Idaho, or Montana."

From Frequently asked questions about flagging:
"ODOT has authorized the Chemeketa Community College (CCC) Center for Business and Industry as the exclusive administrator of flagger curriculum, materials and flagger trainer and flagger certification cards. CCC provides a four-hour flagger training class. CCC maintains a list of certified private flagging trainers, as well."


From Pennsylvania Department of Transportation Construction Specifications:
"Flagger Training. Provide flaggers that successfully completed a flagger-training course within the last 3 years that complies with the Department’s minimum flagger training guidelines described below. Assure that flaggers carry a valid wallet-sized training card containing the name of the flagger, training source, date of successful completion of training, and signature; or provide a roster of trained flaggers to the Representative before the start of flagging operations that contains the names of flaggers, training source, and date of successful completion of training. Minimum flagger training guidelines include the following:
1. Minimum Course Contents.
• Why flagging is important
• Fundamental principles of work zone traffic control
   - Component parts of the work zone
   - Channelization devices, spacing
   - Tapers
   - Buffer Space
   - Visibility to approaching drivers
• Human factors – driver attitude, expectation, reaction
• Qualifications of a flagger
• Clothing
• Flagger Operations
   - Setting up the flagger station
   - Signaling devices and when used
   - Hand signaling procedure
   - Communications
   - Two-flagger operations
   - Single flagger operations
   - Flagging in intersections
   - Nighttime flagging
   - Emergency situations
• Flagging in adverse weather conditions
• Sign requirements
• Practical exercise

2. Objectives. At the end of the course the student should be able to:
• Describe why flagging is important
• Describe flagger qualifications
• Ensure the flagger station complies with Publication 212, Publication 213, and the MUTCD
• Gather all necessary equipment
• Select the proper flagging station/position/location
• Control traffic using the stop/slow paddle
• Control traffic using the red flag
• Control two-way traffic in one lane of a highway
• Control traffic at an intersection
• Recognize and be able to control traffic in unique or special flagging situations
• Control traffic at night and recognize a safe nighttime flagging operation
• Communicate with co-workers and the public

3. Test. All students must take and pass a written, closed book, knowledge test consisting of a minimum of 20 questions. Passing is 70%.

4. Re-training. Re-training is required every 3 years."

Rhode Island

Flagpersons must be trained in safe traffic control practices and public contact techniques, be thoroughly familiar with the latest Flagperson requirements and guidelines included in the most recent Edition and revisions to the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, and must possess a certificate of satisfactory completion from a training course approved by the Department.

The Department has accepted certifications from the following organizations:
- National Safety Council
- N.E. Laborers Union Training Academy

South Carolina

From South Carolina Department of Transportation Work Zone Traffic Control Training Guidelines for Contractors:
"an employee whose job duties include 'flagger' shall successfully complete a 'Flagger' training course. 
... ...
The South Carolina Department of Transportation recognizes the following organizations as approved providers of work zone traffic control training in South Carolina. Contact information for each provider is provided below.

  • American Traffic Safety Services Association (ATSSA)
  • Carolinas Association of General Contractors (AGC)
  • Institute for Transportation Research and Education at North Carolina State University (ITRE)
  • National Safety Council South Carolina Chapter"

... ...

Approved Work Zone Traffic Control Training Providers - Contact Information

The American Traffic Safety Services Association
15 Riverside Parkway, Suite 100
Fredericksburg, Virginia 22406-1022
Telephone: (800) 272-8772

Carolinas AGC / Foundation
1100 Euclid Avenue
Charlotte, North Carolina 28203
Telephone: (704) 372-1450

Institute for Transportation Research and Education
North Carolina State University
Centennial Campus Box 8601
Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8601
Telephone: (919) 515-8899

South Carolina Chapter, National Safety Council
121 Ministry Drive
Irmo, South Carolina 29063
Telephone: (803) 732-6778"

South Dakota

From South Dakota Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Roads & Bridges:
"The Contractor shall furnish certified flaggers to perform project traffic control. The minimum age for flaggers shall be 18 years old. Flagger training and certification is available at some Department Area offices and from the Associated General Contractors (AGC). All flaggers shall complete a flagger training course and pass a written test to become certified. Flagger certification is valid for a period of two years. All flaggers shall be certified in South Dakota prior to flagging on the project. Flaggers shall carry proof of certification while flagging on Department projects."


From Tennessee Department of Transportation 2015 Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction:
"Flaggers with proper attire and paddle shall be provided when necessary to safely handle
traffic through the construction zone. Flaggers shall be trained and certified in flagging
operations by one of the following training programs:
1) American Traffic Safety Services Association (ATSSA)
2) National Safety Council (NSC)
3) Tennessee Transportation Assistance Program (TTAP)
4) Construction industry associations, consultant organizations, and contractor developed
flagger training programs will be acceptable if they have an established, written program
which meets all Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) requirements and
Department Policy."


From Texas Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Construction and Maintenance of Highways, Streets, and Bridges:
"2.6.2. Flaggers. Designate in writing, a flagger instructor who will serve as a flagging supervisor and is responsible for training and assuring that all flaggers are qualified to perform flagging duties. Before beginning work, provide a list of flaggers certified to perform flagging duties.

Provide flaggers as directed. Flaggers must be courteous and able to effectively communicate with the public. When directing traffic, flaggers must dress appropriately, wear high-visibility safety apparel, use flags, signs, stop-slow paddles, and other hand-signaling devices, and follow the flagging procedures in the TMUTCD. Comply with the requirements of Section, 'Training.'"

"2.6.5. Training. Workers involved with TCP must be trained using Department-approved training. Provide a copy of the certification of completion to the Engineer."

A list of approved training providers are available at Special Provision to Item to Item 7, Flagger Training.

Vermont From Vermont Agency of Transportation Standard Specifications for Construction Book:

"QUALIFICATIONS. The Contractor shall ensure that all flaggers utilized on the project have successfully completed a four-hour flagger training course given by a certified instructor within the last twenty-four months. The Contractor shall provide to the Engineer a list of the names of all trained flaggers currently on the project, including the date of training for each person listed."

"Certification to Train Flaggers. Certification to train flaggers may be obtained by completing one of the following courses or another course approved by the Agency:
(1) Associated General Contractors of Vermont, Work Zone Traffic Control Technician/Flagger Trainer Course; or
(2) American Traffic Safety Services Association, Worksite Traffic Supervisor Certification Course."


From Virginia Work Area Protection Manual:
"Section 6E.01 Qualifications for Flaggers
02            The flagger shall be certified in accordance with the VDOT Flagger Certification Program, the American Traffic Safety Services Association Flagger Certification Program or any other VDOT approved flagger program. The flagger shall have his/her certification card with them at all times while performing flagging activities.
03            A flagger shall be recertified every two years if the flagger is certified by the VDOT Flagger Certification Program. Recertification is required every four years if the flagger is certified by the VDOT Basic or Intermediate Work Zone Traffic Control Training course, or by the ATSSA’s classroom Flagger Certification Program."


From Washington State Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Road, Bridge, and Municipal Construction:
"All flaggers and spotters shall possess a current flagging card issued by the State of Washington, Oregon, Montana, or Idaho. The flagging card shall be immediately available and shown to the Contracting Agency upon request."

From Washington Administrative Code (WAC), Chapter 296-155 - Part E: Signaling and Flaggers:
"Flagger training. Employers must make sure that:

(a) Each flagger has in their possession:
• A valid Washington traffic control flagger card;
• A valid flagger card from a state such as Oregon, Idaho, Montana or other states having a flagger training reciprocity agreement with Washington.

(b) The flagger card shows the following:
• Verification that the flagger training required is completed;
• Date the flagger received their flagger training;
• Name of the instructor providing the flagger training;
• Name of the state that issued the flagger card;
• The card's expiration date, not to exceed three years from the date of issuance;
• The flagger's picture or a statement that says 'valid with photo ID.'

(c) Flagger training is based upon the MUTCD.
Exemption: Personnel that have not completed a flagger-training course may be assigned duties as flaggers only during emergencies. Emergency assignments are temporary and last only until a certified flagger can be put into the position.
Definition: For the purpose of this rule, emergency means an unforeseen occurrence endangering life, limb, or property."

For information about how to receive flagger certification, check out the web site below.

West Virginia

From West Virginia Division of Highways (WVDOH) Construction Manual:
“636.1.6 Flagger Certification
All flaggers on WVDOH projects must be certified by passing a WVDOH or American Traffic Safety Service Association training course on this subject. Re-certification is generally required every two years and usually involves reviewing the course manual, viewing a training video, and obtaining a passing score on a proficiency test administered by the proctor.”


From Wisconsin Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Highway and Structure Construction:
"Adequately train flaggers in the methods described in the department's flagger's handbook and associated videotape before allowing them to control traffic."


From Wyoming Department of Transportation Standard Specifications for Road and Bridge Construction:
"703.4.6 Flagging
Use flaggers that have completed and passed a flagger training program approved by the State Construction Office before flagging. A three-day grace period will be allowed to meet this requirement in an unplanned emergency situation. Ensure that flaggers are tested every three years and that they have a current certification card in their possession when they are on the project."

From Wyoming Department of Transportation Traffic Control Flagger Certification Approved Programs:
"The following Traffic Control Flagger Certification Programs are approved for use on Wyoming Department of Transportation projects:
1. American Traffic Safety Services Association (ATSSA)
2. Wyoming Contractor's Association (WCA)"

Categories: Flaggers | Temporary Traffic Control | Flagging | Training | Certification